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Inclusion: Pros and Cons

Page history last edited by Laura Nommensen 15 years ago


            Inclusion is an educational placement for deaf and hard of hearing students which allows them to receive most or all of their education within the general education classroom. Inclusion has benefits as well as drawbacks, just as many choices for deaf and hard of hearing students.




            -The deaf student is considered a participating member of the classroom.

            -The general education classroom in which the student is placed will accommodate this different type of

                        learner. Such accommodations are interpreters or the use of an FM system.

            -The student is able to form relationships with hearing students.




            -Some accommodations are not available for the student.

            -General education teachers may not be supportive of the deaf student in their


            -The student’s classmates are unable to or uneducated about how to communicate

                        with them.




Stinson, M. S., & Kluwin, T. N. (2003). Educational consequences of alternative

     school placements. In M. Marschark & P. E. Spences (Eds.), Deaf studies,

     language, and education (pp. 52-64). New York: Oxford University Press.


Educational Issues of Deaf Students

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